Technology

What this bald eagle and neural network depiction have to do with future U.S. AI strategy

The White Home Workplace of Science and Know-how Coverage (OSTP) right this moment introduced the launch of the Nationwide Synthetic Intelligence Initiative Workplace, a company that may coordinate and oversee nationwide AI coverage initiatives for america authorities.

“The Workplace is charged with overseeing and implementing america nationwide AI technique and can function the central hub for federal coordination and collaboration in AI analysis and policymaking throughout the federal government, in addition to with non-public sector, academia, and different stakeholders,” in keeping with a White House statement.

The information comes with roughly one week left in President Trump’s tenure and fewer than per week after he incited a violent riot on the U.S. Capitol wherein 5 individuals have been killed. If the president doesn’t resign and the vice chairman and cupboard don’t invoke the twenty fifth Modification, Home Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) mentioned Congress will vote on articles of impeachment tomorrow.

Virtually as fascinating because the duties the Nationwide AI Initiative Workplace will tackle is the group’s seal, which seems to be the U.S. authorities’s first depiction of synthetic intelligence within the emblem of a federal workplace or company.

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As a substitute of greedy an olive department in a single talon and arrows within the different to represent battle and peace, because the eagle on the seal of the President of america does, the Nationwide AI Initiative Workplace exhibits a bald eagle greedy interconnected nodes meant to represent a neural community.

“The eagle emerges from the neural community to characterize the ability and potential of AI to translate information into information, technological breakthroughs, and new capabilities,” a White Home assertion reads.

Seven stars on the backside of the seal are supposed to signify that the workplace was established within the seventh decade of synthetic intelligence. One node of that neural community features a depiction of the American flag to point out a “dedication to management in AI from america,” in addition to the “significance of an all-of-nation method to the analysis, growth, and deployment of AI.”

The Nationwide AI Initiative Workplace got here into existence with the passage of the Nationwide Protection Authorization Act (NDAA), the annual protection spending invoice for the U.S. army. Although the White Home championed the launch of the brand new AI workplace right this moment, President Trump vetoed the invoice that created the workplace final month as a result of lawmakers didn’t do as he requested and strip Huge Tech firms of Part 230 authorized legal responsibility safety. Each homes of Congress voted to override the president’s veto last week.

The NDAA included funding for quite a lot of AI-related initiatives pertaining to nationwide safety, together with a Choose Committee on AI; an initiative to supply information, cloud, and high-performance computing sources to AI researchers; and an annual evaluate of AI budgetary objects led by the Nationwide AI Initiative Workplace.

Trump’s report as a bigot and proponent of human rights violations like placing youngsters in cages possible prevented him from being taken seriously when it comes to ensuring trustworthy AI that works for everybody and doesn’t violate individuals’s rights.

Throughout the Trump administration, the White Home Workplace of Science and Know-how Coverage sometimes led the Trump administration’s efforts to take part in multinational initiatives with different democratic nations. For instance, White Home CTO Michael Kratsios signed the OECD AI ethics principles in Paris in 2019. Final yr, White Home Deputy CTO Dr. Lynne Parker, who additionally performed an vital position within the company through the Obama administration, recently negotiated U.S. membership in the Global Partnership on AI (GPAI) to coordinate coverage amongst democratic international locations and counter China’s rising affect in AI. Parker will function founding director of the Nationwide AI Initiative Workplace.

The nationwide AI analysis and growth technique was additionally revised through the Trump presidency. It remained largely according to the primary such technique launched within the closing yr of the Obama administration however called for increased collaboration with businesses and international partners. In response to Trump’s govt order addressing AI, the Nationwide Institute of Requirements and Know-how (NIST) final yr devised a plan for how the federal government should engage in efforts to create AI standards.

President-elect Joe Biden’s incoming administration has pledged to increase research and development funding for AI and other technologies.

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