Lifestyle

What the color of your urine says about your health – and when you should seek help quickly

THE color of your urine can change throughout the day and should mostly be straw yellow.

But as temperatures soar in the UK and many of us are doing our best to stay hydrated, it’s worth keeping an eye on the color of your urine.

The chart above shows when you are dehydrated and when to seek help

1

The chart above shows when you are dehydrated and when to seek help

Brits are still basking in hot temperatures this week and some areas are expected to hit 28C.

Experts have predicted that we could face at least four more heatwaves before the end of the summer.

A Level 3 weather warning was issued last week as Britons were encouraged to drink plenty of fluids and avoid excessive alcohol consumption.

In hot weather, staying hydrated is important as it can prevent you from suffering from problems like heat exhaustion or heat stroke.

One way to make sure you’re not dehydrated is to check the color of your urine.

But many Brits are falling short of their H2o goals and research has found that half of Brits don’t know how much water they should be drinking – that’s 6-8 glasses a day.

New research from Highland Spring has found that those aged 45 to 54 are the most hydrated, with two-thirds saying their urine resembles the two lightest shades in the hydration guide above.

On the other hand, 25-34 year olds should be drinking more, with nearly 7 in 10 admitting their urine resembles the darker shades.

As a general rule, it should be straw yellow in color – this indicates you are well hydrated and healthy.

But if it’s a dark yellow with a strong smell, it’s a clear sign that you’re dehydrated.

Urine is mostly water and contains chemicals that the body wants to get rid of.

dr John S. Young, associate professor of urology, said the color of your urine depends on how much fluid is ingested and when.

light straw

This is the optimal color – not too light and not too dark.

If your pee is this color, you’re drinking enough water and your kidneys are working well.

The straw-yellow color of your urine is caused by a pigment your body makes called urochrome, which makes up some of the waste products in your urine.

dark yellow

If your pee is dark in color, this indicates that you are not drinking enough water – you are dehydrated.

Dehydration can cause fatigue, headaches and nausea, and can have more serious health consequences for the very young and elderly.

The effects can be both physical, leading to lethargy, and mental, leading to poor concentration.

Your body needs water to maintain healthy functioning of your organs, so drink your six to eight glasses a day.

Red urine

Speaking to Tena, Dr. Young that if your urine is red, it’s probably due to medication.

This can be caused by taking an antibiotic used to treat tuberculosis, such as rifampin, or by taking phenazopyridine, which is taken by people who are experiencing pain from a urinary tract infection.

He said laxatives can sometimes contain senna, which would also turn your urine red.

When should I see a doctor?

dr Young said you should see a doctor if you notice a change in your normal urine color.

He said if these changes coincide with changes in medication, you should review the information associated with it to determine whether or not it’s an adverse reaction.

You should also consider whether you have eaten something new.

He added: “Otherwise, it makes sense to consult a doctor just to be on the safe side.

“Red, pink, or brown urine usually indicates something is wrong — although in most cases it’s easy to treat.”

green Blue

Again, your urine would attribute those colors to drugs like amitriptyline, which is used to treat a number of mental illnesses.

Indomethacin, used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and shoulder pain, could also change color, as could propofol, used to induce or maintain anesthesia and sedation.

dr Young added, “Blue urine can be a sign of excessive calcium levels caused by a genetic condition called familial benign hypercalcemia or a urinary tract infection caused by a species of bacteria called Pseudomonas.”

Dark brown/black

Medicines for bladder infections called nitrofurantoin can be the cause of dark urine.

Methyldopa, used to treat high blood pressure, can also cause your urine to turn dark brown, as can chloroquine, used to treat malaria.

reddish brown

dr Young said that red or brown urine indicates blood in the urinary tract, which may be due to an infection, kidney or bladder stones, cancer, or conditions such as interstitial cystitis and painful bladder syndrome.

orange

If your urine is orange, said Dr. Young that this can be caused by liver disease or a problem with the bile duct.

violet

Purple urine is caused by a rare genetic condition called alkaptonuria, in which a chemical called homogentisic acid builds up, Dr. Young.

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smelly

Smelly urine is usually present when you have a urinary tract infection.

Foamy

Foamy urine means protein is present and could be a sign of kidney disease.

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https://www.the-sun.com/health/5608727/what-colour-pee-health-when-seek-help-fast/ What the color of your urine says about your health – and when you should seek help quickly

Sarah Y. Kim

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