Juneteenth, a portmanteau of June 19, is a holiday honoring the last enslaved blacks in Texas to learn they were free.
On June 19, 1865, federal troops marched into Galveston, Texas to take control of the state. Although the Civil War was over two months, slavery remained in Texas.
Union General Gordon Granger arrived in Texas and famously read General Orders #3which states: “The people of Texas are informed that, pursuant to a proclamation of the Executive Branch of the United States, all slaves are free.”
That day came two and a half years after President Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863. Not all states immediately ended slavery when Lincoln signed the injunction during the Civil War.
Also Read: A Year After George Floyd’s Killing, Fewer Americans Say They Support Black Lives Matter
While other dates — like the surrender of the Confederate Army in the Civil War, the ratification of the 13th Amendment abolishing slavery, or the day Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation — could also be considered the “end” of slavery in the U.S., the 16 the day most people associate with his graduation.
Congress voted to designate June 16 as the federal holiday in June 2021, and the holiday went into effect immediately. The bill, signed into law by President Biden, set the date as National Independence Day on June 16.
June 19 falls on a Sunday this year, so most federal employees get Monday 20 June free. Some private companies also made June 16 a paid holiday for their employees last year.
See also: June 16 is the newest federal holiday — a moment 94-year-old activist Opal Lee has labored within for decades
Congress had not added a federal holiday since Martin Luther King Day in 1983.
Although the United States recognized June 16 as a federal holiday last year, many Americans still didn’t understand the importance of the celebration. In a 2021 Gallup Poll28% of US adults said they knew “nothing at all” about June 16th.
Awareness of the importance of the date also broke along party lines. The poll found that 16% of Democrats knew “nothing at all” about June 16, compared to 45% of Republicans.
https://www.marketwatch.com/story/what-is-juneteenth-11623865187?rss=1&siteid=rss What is June 16? – Market observation