What is CERN? | The US sun

IF YOU’VE EVER heard of CERN, you probably know that it’s associated with science and nuclear research.

But what exactly does the institution do? Read on to find out.

CERN is home to the legendary Large Hadron Collider


CERN is home to the legendary Large Hadron ColliderCredit: Alamy

What is CERN?

CERN is probably the most famous physics laboratory in the world.

Its official name is the European Organization for Nuclear Research, but it is usually known as CERN.

Because the name comes from the French: Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire.

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The work of the laboratory focuses on particle physics – the study of extremely small matter.

In fact, CERN operates the largest laboratory for particle physics in the world.

It was founded back in 1954 and offers the equipment needed to study high energy physics.

These include particle accelerators. They are basically tunnels that use electromagnetic fields to make particles move extremely fast.

In these experiments, particles can collide at high speeds.

This allows scientists to study matter in ways that would normally be impossible.

CERN is famous for a series of high-profile experiments, often involving many scientists from around the world.

These include the discovery of the Higgs boson – or “god particle” – which gives mass to other particles, like electrons.

CERN is also used to refer to the lab, which in 2019 had 2,660 employees and hosted about 12,400 users from institutions in more than 70 countries.

The iconic CERN is also the birthplace of the World Wide Web.

Where is CERN located?

CERN is based north-west of Geneva on the French-Swiss border and has 23 member states.

According to Google, the exact address is Espl. des Particules 1, 1211 Meyrin, Switzerland.

According to the House of Switzerland, the site was chosen for CERN’s location “largely because of its neutrality and its safeguards against the misappropriation of scientific research results for military purposes”.

It continues: “This was particularly important when the organization was founded in 1954 because the world was entering the Cold War.

“Switzerland offers other advantages, including its location in the heart of Europe, its tradition as a host country for international organizations and its stability.”

What is happening at CERN on July 5, 2022?

On July 3, 2022, a series of events will begin at CERN with the first celebrations of the tenth anniversary of the discovery of the Higgs boson particle.

There will also be a scientific symposium on July 4th.

On July 5, 2022, collisions of unprecedented energy will occur at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC).

The start of Run 3 of the LHC will be broadcast live on CERN’s social media channels.

This marks the start of the new physics season at the institute’s flagship accelerator.

It comes ten years after groundbreaking research into the Higgs boson was presented to a packed CERN auditorium.

According to CERN, the events will look back at where a decade of Higgs science has taken the field while looking at new perspectives.

Visitors view the 14,000 ton CMS detector at CERN's particle physics research facility


Visitors view the 14,000 ton CMS detector at CERN’s particle physics research facilityPhoto credit: Getty Images – Getty

What is a hadron collider?

The LHC is the largest and most powerful particle accelerator in the world.

It was first commissioned on September 10, 2008 and remains the most recent addition to CERN’s accelerator complex.

The LHC took a decade to build and cost around $4.75 billion.

Located 100 meters underground, it studies the smallest particles in the universe.

It’s a 27-kilometer ring of superconducting magnets with a series of acceleration structures to boost the energy of the particles.

In the accelerator, two high-energy particle beams move at almost the speed of light before they collide.

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Scientists then record the events caused by the collision.

They hope it will tell us more about how the universe began and what it is made of. What is CERN? | The US sun

Chris Barrese

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