TANZANIA – The United States and its allies clashed with Iran and its ally Russia over Western claims that Tehran was supplying Moscow with drones that attacked Ukraine – and the US accused the UN Secretary-General of “giving in to Russian threats” and not launching to have an investigation.
At a contentious Security Council meeting on Monday over the resolution approving the 2015 nuclear deal between Iran and six major powers, the United States and Iran also blamed each other for deadlocked negotiations on the Biden administration’s resumption of talks with the Agreement that former President Donald Trump withdrew from 2018.
Iran’s Ambassador to the UN, Amir Saeid Iravani, insisted that the Iranian negotiating team exercised “maximum flexibility” to reach an agreement, even introducing an “innovative solution to the remaining issues to break the impasse.” But he claimed the United States’ “unrealistic and rigid approach” led to the current stalled talks on the 2015 accord, known as the JCPOA.
“Let’s be clear: pressure, intimidation and confrontation are not solutions and get nowhere,” Iravani said.
Iran is ready to resume talks and arrange a ministerial meeting “as soon as possible” to declare the JCPOA restoration, Iravani said. “This is achievable if the US shows real political will… The US now has the ball in its court.”
US Deputy Ambassador Robert Wood told Iravani that “the door to negotiations remains open” for a joint US-Iran return to full implementation of the JCPOA. But he said: “Iran’s own actions and attitudes were responsible for preventing this outcome.”
By September, a deal agreed to by all other parties was “within reach” and “even Iran was willing to say yes,” Wood said, “until last minute Iran made new demands that were outside of the JCPOA and the JCPOA knew could not be met.”
He said Iran’s behavior since September — particularly its failure to cooperate with the International Atomic Energy Agency, the United Nations’ nuclear regulatory agency, and its expansion of its nuclear program “without legitimate civilian purpose” — has prompted US skepticism “about the readiness and capability.” Iran stepped up efforts to reach an agreement and explains why no active negotiations have taken place since then.”
At the end of the council meeting, Wood asked for the floor to refute Iravani, saying it was “a fact” that Iran’s irrelevant demands and rejection of all compromise proposals were the reason why there was no return to mutual compliance JCPOA came.
“Let me just say, the ball is not in the USA,” Wood said. “On the contrary, the ball is in Iran.”
British Ambassador to the UN Barbara Woodward, whose country remains a party to the JCPOA, told the council Iran’s nuclear escalation made “progress on a nuclear deal much more difficult”.
“Today, Iran’s total stockpile of enriched uranium exceeds the JCPOA limits by at least 18 times, and highly enriched uranium continues to be produced, which is unprecedented for a state without a nuclear weapons program,” she said.
In addition, Woodward said, “The time for Iran’s nuclear breakout has shortened to a few weeks, and the time it takes Iran to produce the fissile material for multiple nuclear weapons is decreasing.” She said Iran is also testing technologies which could allow medium and intercontinental range ballistic missiles to carry a nuclear payload.
United Nations political chief Rosemary DiCarlo told the council, “The space for diplomacy appears to be shrinking rapidly.”
She pointed to an IAEA report that Iran intends to install new centrifuges at its Natanz fuel enrichment plant and to produce more uranium enriched to up to 60% at the Fordow fuel enrichment plant – a level equivalent to that for a Nuclear weapon needed value is close. Iran also removed all IAEA devices monitoring JCPOA-related activities.
DiCarlo called on Iran to reverse any moves outside the JCPOA limits and called on the United States to lift sanctions against Iran set out in the nuclear deal and extend waivers on Iran’s oil trade.
Stressing that all of Iran’s nuclear activities are “peaceful,” Iran’s Iravani said Iran stands ready to engage the IAEA to resolve outstanding issues on nuclear safeguards.
Referring to what he called “unfounded” allegations that Iran had transferred drones to Russia in violation of the 2015 resolution, Iravani stressed that all restrictions on arms transfers to and from Iran were lifted in October 2020 be. So he said Western claims that Tehran needed prior approval “has no legal value”.
Iravani also insisted that drones were not being transferred to Russia for use in Ukraine, saying: “The misinformation campaign and baseless allegations … serve no purpose other than to divert attention from Western states that have massive amounts of advanced, sophisticated weaponry in transfer to Ukraine prolong the conflict.”
Russia’s UN Ambassador Vassily Nebenzia described allegations of Iranian drone deliveries to his country for use in Ukraine as “manifestly fabricated and false”. Russia is aware that Ukrainian officials “have not been able to provide bilateral documentation to Tehran to confirm the use of Iranian-origin drones by Russian military personnel,” he said.
Wood, the US envoy, told the council that Ukraine’s report of Iranian-origin drones being used by Russia to attack civilian infrastructure was supported “by ample evidence from multiple public sources,” including a statement by Iran’s foreign minister dated November 5th.
He insisted that Iran is barred from transferring these types of drones without prior Security Council approval, under an annex to the 2015 resolution.
Wood said the UN has had a seven-year mandate to investigate reported violations of the resolution, and he expressed disappointment that the UN secretariat, headed by Secretary-General Guterres, failed to launch an investigation “apparently to give in to Russian threats.” . ”
Russia’s Nebenzia reiterated Moscow’s claim that investigations are “an egregious violation” of the resolution and the UN Charter, “and the UN Secretariat should not bow to pressure from Western countries.”
Guterres said at a news conference on Monday, when asked about the criticism that the UN had not opened an investigation into Iranian-made drones in Ukraine: “We are investigating all aspects of this issue and, by extension, everything we are related to.” to do with the war to determine if and when we should conduct an investigation.
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https://www.local10.com/news/world/2022/12/20/us-and-iran-clash-over-russia-using-iran-drones-in-ukraine/ The US and Iran are at odds over Russia with Iranian drones in Ukraine