Lifestyle

Pregnant women ‘should take two specific dietary supplements to reduce risk of disease in babies’

PREGNANT women who take nutritional supplements may reduce their baby’s risk of a fatal illness, a study finds.

Croup is a virus in babies and young children that causes coughing and difficulty breathing.

MNGD7D Pregnant Asian woman belly with hands. pregnancy concept

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MNGD7D Pregnant Asian woman belly with hands. pregnancy conceptCredit: Alamy

Most cases are mild and can be treated at home. However, some children require hospital treatment and respiratory support.

Death from Krupp is rare, occurring in about 1 in 30,000 cases.

Researchers in Copenhagen, Denmark, studied 736 pregnant women who were divided into four groups.

In each group, the women were given vitamin D in varying doses with either fish oil or olive oil.

The women’s children were monitored until they were three years old, and anyone suspected of having croup was diagnosed by a doctor or from their medical records.

In the children there were a total of 97 cases of croup.

Fish oil protected against croup — only 11 percent of children whose mothers took it got the virus, compared to 17 percent of children whose mothers took olive oil.

All of the pregnant women took vitamin D, but half took a high dose of 2800 IU while the other half took a standard dose of 400 IU.

But only 11 percent of children whose mothers took the high dose got croup, compared with 18 percent of those whose mothers took a standard dose.

dr Nicklas Brustad, a clinician and postdoctoral researcher who led the study, said: “Our results suggest that vitamin D and fish oil in high enough doses may be beneficial against childhood croup.

“These are relatively cheap supplements, which means this could be a very cost-effective approach to improving young children’s health.”

dr Breastad, who presented the findings at the European Respiratory Society International Congress in Barcelona, ​​Spain, said it’s not clear how protective these two vitamins are.

“But it could be that they can stimulate the immune system to help babies and young children clear infections more effectively,” he said.

Professor Rory Morty, who was not involved in the research, said lung health in young children can be affected during pregnancy.

“For example, babies whose mothers smoke tend to have poorer lung health,” said Prof Morty, Chair of the European Respiratory Society’s Lung and Airway Developmental Biology Working Group.

“We are increasingly seeing that elements of a mother’s diet can also help or hinder a baby’s lung development.”

The NHS recommends that pregnant women take vitamin D supplements to keep their bones, teeth and muscles healthy.

Do not take more than 4,000 IU (100 micrograms) of vitamin D per day as this could be harmful.

While the NHS doesn’t advise taking fish oil, it does say avoid cod liver oil, a type of fish oil.

What is croup?

Croup is a condition that occurs in young children and babies and affects their windpipe (trachea), airways to the lungs (bronchi), and voice box (larynx).

Typically, croup is recognizable by the characteristic cough that sounds like a dog barking.

There may also be a hard, painful-sounding noise when the child breathes in, known as “stridor.”

A child with croup may also have a hoarse voice.

In most cases, this is a condition that can be easily diagnosed by your GP and then treated at home.

However, if the airway is blocked and your child is having trouble breathing, you may need to take them to the nearest emergency room.

Croup spreads like a cold and is therefore very difficult to prevent.

As with most things, the best defense against that awful cough is good hygiene — this includes washing hands and cleaning surfaces regularly.

Some of the routine vaccinations your child receives, such as B. MMR, protect against some infections that can cause croup.

https://www.the-sun.com/health/6147619/pregnant-women-fish-oil-vitamin-d-risk-croup-babies/ Pregnant women ‘should take two specific dietary supplements to reduce risk of disease in babies’

Sarah Y. Kim

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