Here we are again in the grip of another UK heatwave.
Just weeks after the UK hit record high temperatures of 40C, England will hit sweltering temperatures again.
Brits are bracing themselves for sunnier days, muggy nights and nasty side effects like heat rash and worse, heat stroke.
But how do you treat the prickly red spots and heat exhaustion? Better yet, how do you prevent them from occurring in the first place? Here we ask the experts.
Heat rash — or to give it its scientific name miliaria rubra — is caused by excessive sweating.
The excess sweat blocks the sweat glands under the skin, causing your sweat to leak out into the surrounding tissues.
This leakage can cause irritation and redness, which can feel tingly and sore.
The rash usually looks like small bumps surrounded by red skin. It usually occurs on clothed parts of the body, such as the back or neck.
Assistant Superintendent Pharmacist and Well Pharmacy George Sandhu said the rash usually gets better on its own after a few days.
But to keep the rash from getting worse, George says the skin needs to be “kept as cool as possible so it doesn’t sweat and irritate the rash.”
Wearing loose cotton or linen clothing also keeps skin cool, as does showering in cold water, but avoid using scented shower gels or creams.
For instant relief, George suggested putting something cold on the rash, such as B. a damp cloth or an ice pack (wrapped in a tea towel) for up to 20 minutes.
Heatstroke can affect anyone, but it is particularly common in children, the elderly, and people with long-term health conditions such as diabetes or heart disease.
“So it’s important to pay special attention to these groups,” George said.
Drinking plenty of cold water, especially while exercising, is an effective way to prevent heat stroke, George said.
He also suggested avoiding excessive drinking, taking cool showers or baths, and wearing loose-fitting clothing.
“It’s also important to avoid the sun when it’s at its highest during the day, usually between 11 a.m. and 3 p.m.,” he added.
George said heat stroke is often characterized by a high body temperature of 100°F (38°C) or more, nausea, and headaches.
Other symptoms can include dizziness and confusion, loss of appetite, excessive sweating, pale and clammy skin, and extreme thirst.
It is also possible to experience cramps in the arms, legs and stomach and breathing.
If you think someone you know is suffering from heat stroke, the first thing you can do is try to calm them down.
George suggested moving the person to a cool place, elevating their feet slightly, and getting them to drink plenty of water (sports drinks should work, too).
“It can also be worth cooling down their skin with a cold water spray or sponge and blowing air on them.
“A cold pack wrapped in a tea towel around the neck and armpits is good, too,” he added.
It is important that you stay with him until he has recovered and is feeling better, which should normally be after 30 minutes.
The hot weather is now set to continue into next week, with the Met Office predicting highs of 35C.
The warning was in effect until Sunday, but the UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA) has now extended it until Tuesday 16 August.
The Chiefs first sounded the alarm on Tuesday this week, saying temperatures would not drop below the low 20s.
Now the Met has said temperatures will remain in the high 20s through early next week – with temperatures falling in the northern regions from Monday.
Medical chiefs have said young children, people with underlying health conditions and the elderly are more likely to experience adverse health effects.
https://www.the-sun.com/health/6000688/how-you-can-treat-heat-rash-heat-stroke-during/ I’m a pharmacist – so you can treat heat rash and stroke during this heat wave