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Ancient Egyptian shrine and hidden treasures unearthed in lost ‘City of the Sun’

ARCHEOLOGISTS have unearthed an ancient Egyptian shrine and hidden treasures while exploring the lost “City of the Sun” – one of Egypt’s oldest cities.

The international team learned more about “the rulers’ intense investment in the creation and expansion of the temple” after analyzing inscriptions that may be over 2,000 years old.

Archaeologists have uncovered an ancient Egyptian shrine and hidden treasures in the lost

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Archaeologists have uncovered an ancient Egyptian shrine and hidden treasures in the lost “City of the Sun”.Photo credit: Newsflash
A statue fragment of a Sphinx of King Amenemhat III was found during excavations

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A statue fragment of a Sphinx of King Amenemhat III was found during excavationsPhoto credit: Newsflash
A silicified sandstone plinth belonging to King Amasis (570–525 BC) is also among the artifacts recovered from the ancient city of Heliopolis

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A silicified sandstone plinth belonging to King Amasis (570–525 BC) is also among the artifacts recovered from the ancient city of HeliopolisPhoto credit: Newsflash

Archaeologists studying the ancient temple city of Heliopolis have made remarkable discoveries that document intense temple building activities in ancient Egypt.

Heliopolis, which translates to “City of the Sun,” was one of the oldest cities of ancient Egypt.

It has been occupied since the Predynastic period, which is the period from the earliest human habitation to the beginning of the Early Dynasty around 3,100 BC.

Heliopolis was greatly expanded under the Old and Middle Kingdoms but is now largely ruined, its temples and other buildings looted for the construction of medieval Cairo.

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Some of the more spectacular remains such as obelisks were often sent abroad, as were Cleopatra’s Needles in London and New York, which came from Heliopolis.

The international team examining the remains at the original site consists of experts from scientific institutions in Germany, Italy and Egypt

At their excavation site near Cairo, experts recently discovered a limestone wall, fragments of a shrine to Pharaoh Takelot I (887-874 BC) and the remains of a sandstone building.

According to the researchers, an exact estimate of when the wall was built has yet to be made.

Professor Dietrich Raue, 54, has been in charge of the excavation work northeast of the Egyptian capital since 2010.

The ancient Egypt expert said: “Our latest discoveries document the intense investment of rulers in the construction and expansion of the Temple of Heliopolis at different times.”

Leipzig University spokeswoman Katarina Werneburg Werneburg said the temple complex could have been built by the 26th Dynasty (664-525 BC) based on one of the few surviving inscriptions.

Other discoveries include pieces of architecture made during the reign of Cheops (2589-2566 BC), as well as fragments of statues of Thutmose III, Amenhotep II and Ramses the Great.

Local authorities collaborated on the project with researchers and students from the Egyptology Faculty of the University of Leipzig and experts from the University of Pisa, Italy.

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The University of Leipzig is one of the oldest universities in Germany. It was founded in 1409.

Famous alumni include Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Friedrich Nietzsche, Richard Wagner and Angela Merkel.

https://www.the-sun.com/tech/5621086/archaeologists-find-hidden-treasures-lost-city-egypt/ Ancient Egyptian shrine and hidden treasures unearthed in lost ‘City of the Sun’

Chris Barrese

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